Garden of Ibérico Nogueira House

Located in the heart of the village of Santar, Casa Iberico Nogueira is a good example of an urban house from Beira with agricultural past. Built in granite, it has two floors and attic. Initially, the ground floor corresponded to agricultural dependencies and the first floor served as residence for the masters of the house. Apparently, this construction is from the early nineteenth century. The house and the associated farm would be acquired by public deed in 1900 by Manuel Joaquim dos Santos, the paternal great-grandfather of the current owners. His daughter Maria Celeste married António Ibérico Nogueira in 1914 and received the house as a wedding gift from her parents where the couple moved in until at some point it became a family vacation home. His grandson, Francisco, a distinguished Doctor from the University of Coimbra married Maria Emília Osório do Amaral e Sousa Pinto da Cunha Mora, from Casa de Almeidinha, introduced several improvements in the house in the 1960s and again in the 1980s. After the death of Francisco Ibérico Nogueira, in 2009, the property of the Casa dos Linhares was inherited by his son João, who shares the usufruct with several of his brothers.

From the patio behind the house, there is an immense view both over the new vegetable gardens, created under the Santar Garden Vila Project, and the Casa dos Condes de Santar e Magalhães, with the Serra da Estrela in the background.

The route offered to the visitor begins in the Linhares, belonging and frontier to the Casa dos Condes de Santar e Magalhães. Jardim Ibérico Nogueira is in a higher share compared to the Linhares, in a gentle slope, with around 8500 m2, is composed of orchards and vegetable gardens, confined by vines, where organic farming is promoted and the cultivation is the responsibility of some people from Santar. A wisteria pergola, in granite and iron structure, was built to unite this garden and the Linhares Garden to the south and thus allow the circulation of visitors and vegetable garden users.

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The Vegetable Garden

The vegetable garden of the Santar Garden Vila Projetc, adjacent to the Jardim do Linhares, designed by the landscape architect Fernando Caruncho, is an area that brings visitors to a journey that combines traditional agricultural with more contemporary cultures recently introduced in Portuguese cusine, in which the vineyard is always present and establishes the connection between them.

This landscape, which occupies approximately 0.6ha, is made up of 17 parcels with different types of plantations such as orchard and culinary aromatic plants. All areas are surrounded by vineyards.

These gardens are handled to accompany the best ecological measures, favoring the methods used in organic farming, namely with regard to photosanitary treatments. The grouping of horticultural plants within each area respects the "good" fellowship of crops, as well as the sustainable rotation in succession of crops, and all traditional horticultural activity accompanies the lunar calendar.

In order to promote the inclusion of the inhabitants of the locality in this project, four portions were attributed to local families who, under the guidance of an agronomist, practiced traditional agriculture in biological molds in these same areas.

The orchard is composed of 4 distinct areas one with apple and pear trees, one with plum and apricot trees, the other with pomegranate trees and a fourth with red fruits, namely blueberries and currant bushes.

The horticultural occupies 10 portions, 5 destined to annual horticultural and the remaining 5 destined to permanent horticultural. As regards to annual horticulture, regional varieties are preferred. Among the permanent crops the visitor will find asparagus, artichokes, strawberries along others.

The culinary aromatic plants, nowadays indispensable, are distributed in an area where the visitor can enjoy an explosion of aromas that will take to a warm Mediterranean environment. Among others you can experience the aromas of thyme, oregano, marjoram, savory and chives.